Sweden is the third largest Western European country, roughly the same size as California. The distance from Kiruna in Lappland, north of the Arctic Circle, to Malmö, just across the water from Copenhagen, is more than 900 miles. This means the distance between Kiruna and Malmö is greater than the distance from Malmö to Milan.
Trains, planes and automobiles
In the southern part of the country, trains are the way to go. Several high speed trains, the X2000, connect Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö, as well as the smaller towns in between. Primarily aimed at business travelers, prices can be high, so be on the look out for last minute specials (“sista minuten” in Swedish). They have also recently introduced a last minute auction to sell the remaining seats on all trains.
The X2000 has five daily trains between Malmö/Copenhagen and Gothenburg. The journey takes a little less than four hours. Between Stockholm and Gothenburg, trains depart almost every hour during peak times on weekdays, and every two hours during the rest of the day and on weekends. The trip takes three hours. The X2000 has also has trains almost every hour between Stockholm and Malmö, and the trip takes almost five hours. For timetables and route information, see the Swedish Railroad Authority.
It is also possible to take a train from Stockholm up north to towns such as Luleå, Umeå and Kiruna, but its a 20 hour overnight train trip to make the 600 mile journey to Kiruna, so it’s worth looking into flights, both timewise and wallet-wise.
>>read more about Train Travel in Sweden
Make like a bird and fly
There are several carriers that offer domestic routes. FlyNordic services Kiruna, Stockholm, Umeå, Malmö and Luleå. Sterling, a Danish budget carrier, offers flights between Stockholm and Malmö and Stockholm and Gothenburg. Malmö Aviation offers the following routes: Stockholm/Malmö, Stockholm/Umeå, Stockholm/Gothenburg, Gothenburg/Umeå and Malmö/Umeå.
SAS also offers domestic flights from Stockholm to all major cities as well as smaller airports around the country: Arvidsjaur, Borlänge, Gothenburg, Halmstad, Hemavan, Jönköping, Kalmar, Karlstad, Kiruna, Kristianstad, Linköping, Luleå, Lycksele, Malmö, Norrköping, Oskarshamn, Ronneby and Skellefteå.
Local transportation – Stockholm
Stockholm is known for its excellent public transportation system. It has a comprehensive network of subway trains, buses and commuter trains that covers an an impressive area. Central Station is the hub of the entire network. The subway runs until around 1 a.m. on weeknights, and until past 3 a.m. on weekends. Buses run all night long, although at reduced frequency. It’s possible to purchase 24-hour, 72-hour, 7-day and 30-day passes that are valid on the entire system. A one-day pass costs SEK 90 (USD 14) and a three-day pass costs SEK 190 (USD 30). A week-long pass is SEK 230 (USD 35), and is by far the best buy if you are planning on using public transportation a lot. . You can also purchase “stamp cards” for SEK 160 (USD 25) that are dependent on the number of zones you travel, as well as individual tickets, pre-purchased at kiosks for SEK 20 (USD 3) one-way. There are ticket vending machines located in most subway stations and bus stops, but it’s far more economical to buy pre-purchased tickets at one of the many PressByrån shops populating the city. It’s also good to remember that it’s not possible to purchase a ticket on the bus as drivers are no longer allowed to carry cash due to safety concerns. See Stockholm Public Transport for current timetables and routes.
Local transportation – Gothenburg
Gothenburg is the only Swedish city with a comprehensive tram network. The city has 204 trams that operate 11 routes. Most tram lines pass through Brunnsparken, which is effectively the central hub of public transport in Gothenburg, as well as Central Station. See Gothenburg public transport for timetables, prices and routes.
Local transportation – Malmö
The entire Öresund region is accessible by train and Malmö has an excellent bus system. From Malmö, the university town of Lund is 20 minutes away and Copenhagen is a 40 minute trip over the Öresund bridge. See Skåne public transport for timetables, prices and routes.